The Who is one of the most important English rock bands of the 1960s – and 1970 ‘s. At first she was considered a “wheel combo, as part of the Mod movement at the hard end of the ” British invasion was to be found. ” In her music and her appearance representing the four Englishmen in the early years compared to the Beatles and the Rolling Stones more aggressive variant of the British rock music.
Later they got through the publication of the concept album Tommy and Quadrophenia high degree of popularity and are now considered as one of the most influential rock bands of all time. The band is still musically active and touring regularly. After the death of Keith Moon (1978) and John Entwistle (2002) are now only the guitarist Pete Townshend and singer Roger Daltrey of the founding members left.
Founding and success with My Generation
To 1959, Roger Daltrey – then as the lead guitarist – in the North West London, the school band The Detours. Between 1961 and 1962, first met the bassist John Entwistle and then the guitarist Pete Townshend to do so. All three initially attended the same school in Acton. Because of the same competition group named the band in February 1964 into The Who. A little later replaced the drummer Keith Moon the much older Doug Sandom, and the cult of Mod strongly influenced public relations manager Peter Meaden changed the band name again. As The High Numbers Suit in July 1964, the first written by Meaden Single I’m The Face / Zoot published. The band did not succeed, what did not change until, as with Kit Lambert and Chris Stamp, a new management took over the business. Getting attention in the press became the group that is now The Who called back by her first television appearance in which she instruments destroyed her. According Daltrey band had initially only about 100 pounds Appearance receive pro, but to part of equipment destroyed by a higher value. In the year 1964 marked the band for their own style of music the term “Maximum R & B “.
A hit parade success was already the first EP, the band released under the new name. I
Can not Explain the beginning of 1965 reached number eight of the UK singles chart, the following single Anyway, Anyhow, Anywhere tenth place. The first album, entitled My Generation came out in December of that year. The songs reaped positive response from the young Beat audience. On extensive club tours were playing The Who My Generation at the time, so this piece into a kind of anthem a lot of the English youth was for.  After a series of successful hit singles (My Generation, Substitute, I’ma Boy, The Kids Are Alright, Happy Jack) brought the band in 1967, the counterpart of the LP Sgt Pepper’s The Beatles and the album Their Satanic Majesties Request The Rolling Stones out the album The Who Sell Out .  The commercial success was modest, so the group – with their expensive orgies of destruction during the live performances also causes – financial problems received. 1966 and 1967, tape a few times in Germany on the, for example, in Cologne in November 1966 with the Lords , where the band five pieces, as usual, destroyed the stage after.
Around the same time were rumors that Moon and Entwistle a band Jimmy Page wanted to join. After a few samples of a joint work was, however, rejected that. The name of his band, other musicians chose to Page to a statement Moons that a band crash “around” like a leaden Page airship would (“The band will go over like a lead zeppelin”).  To clarify the term was the “a” crossed out, so the name Led Zeppelin was born – the band later became one of the most successful rock bands.
Tommy, Woodstock and the creative peak:
1969 Pete Townshend wrote the rock opera Tommy , the one major success was developing. These recordings were based The Who to the Pretty Things , the 1968 SF Sorrow first rock opera ever published was probably the one with the but commercially unrewarding.  Content Guru, the opera by Townshend’s Indian Meher Baba affected.  In 1974 a film adaptation with Roger Daltrey as Tommy, the other band members and musicians Tina Turner , Elton John , Eric Clapton and the actors Ann-Margret and Jack Nicholson . In addition to this feature film by director Ken Russell Tommy, the contents of even ballet and musicals as implemented. After the earliest recordings were built more easily, took the complexity greatly with Tommy. The extended tour with ecstatic stage performances and a mostly complete performance of the opera made the group one of the hottest live bands of the time.
Another success was the appearance at the Woodstock Festival in August 1969, the band for the U.S. dollar was 11.200,  what their financial situation greatly improved. Due to the impending financial bankruptcy demanded the tape be paid in cash, as it would otherwise not occur.  As Abbie Hoffman , leader of the so-called Yippie movement , the stage during the passage Tommy wanted to enter the site, a speech against the arrest of John Sinclair to hold sales, Townshend that by force of the stage.  The band played in the dead of night and finished her tour in the morning. The popularity continued to grow through the Woodstock film, which ran in theaters worldwide, and contains excerpts from Tommy.
As a contrast to 1970, Tommy Live at Leeds published. On the original LP tracks, only six were included, including three cover versions of songs that the Who were part of the repertoire (including Summertime Blues ). Of sound and presentation reminded Live at Leeds aware of a bootleg recording. The LP is still considered one of the best live albums. The concert was almost complete but only published in 2001 as a double CD.
After another appearance at the ” Isle of Wight Festival in 1970, designed Townshend with the “Life House Project” is another rock opera in place of Tommy. Conceived as a sort of multimedia project about the power of music and Townshend in the press loudly announced, was “Life House” from the remaining band members recorded more skeptical. Then suffered Townshend a nervous breakdown . The song appeared as originally planned not as a double-concept album, but have been gradually as singles, subsequent albums or on Townshend’s solo albums released on. Who’s Next 1971 Life House contains the bulk of ” “compositions, among them Will not Get Fooled Again, Behind Blue Eyes Baba O’Riley and some of the most Who-pieces that will be played on almost every concert until today. The “Lifehouse” project was only in 1999 with a radio play and a concert performance in 2000 – with Townshend, but without The Who – its completion.
1973 arrived with the double-LP Quadrophenia but then another rock opera. commercial success of Tommy Without achieving the ‘concept album represents the many with the previous album Who’s Next the climax of the artistic creation of The Who dar. The album was enclosed a picture book with an introductory text that clarified the plot. The theme of Quadrophenia’s coming of age of Jimmy, a British Mod . In 1979, it contains the story of the street battles between the mods, rockers and police, with the same title film and is considered accurate description of the situation of young people in England in the mid 60s.  The tour for the album proved to be disastrous. Backing tapes, which should enable the multi-layered sound of the album on stage to reproduce, not working properly and interfere with the improvising and anarchic character of a Who concert, the band there was a tendency, a few pieces of live darzubieten only. A complete performance of Quadrophenia – with several guest musicians – there were only 1996/1997.
On the Quadrophenia tour followed a creative break. In the early 1970s had published all the members various solo projects. Townshend went back to Tommy, first as an orchestrated version, then in the form of film soundtracks, where, in addition to Daltrey in the title role, the band also appears briefly. Entwistle put Odds & Sods together a collection of rarities and B-sides by The Who.
1975 the band recorded the album together The Who by Numbers on. Townshend has 30 themed his midlife crisis and the album was accordingly autobiographical and introspective. The band toured again, but with a greatest hits set, which contained few if any, new pieces up.